French Adjective Agreement Gentil

French Adjective Agreement: Understanding the Rules of Gentil

As a language learner, understanding French adjective agreement can be a daunting task. However, mastering this aspect of the language is essential for effective communication. One area of French adjective agreement that can be particularly tricky is the concept of gentil. In this article, we`ll take a closer look at the rules of French adjective agreement when it comes to gentil.

What is Gentil?

Gentil is a French adjective commonly used to describe a person`s character or behavior. It translates to “kind”, “nice”, or “gentle”. In French, adjectives like gentil must agree with the noun they modify in terms of gender and number.

Gender Agreement

In French, all nouns have a gender, either masculine or feminine. The gender of a noun determines the form of the adjective. For example, when describing a masculine noun with gentil, you would use the masculine form gentil. However, when describing a feminine noun, you would use the feminine form gentille. Here are a few examples to demonstrate:

Le garçon est gentil. (The boy is kind.)

La fille est gentille. (The girl is kind.)

Number Agreement

French adjectives must also agree with the number of the noun they modify. This means that if the noun is singular, the adjective must be singular, and if the noun is plural, the adjective must be plural. For example:

Le garçon est gentil. (The boy is kind.)

Les garçons sont gentils. (The boys are kind.)

La fille est gentille. (The girl is kind.)

Les filles sont gentilles. (The girls are kind.)


As with most rules in French, there are a few exceptions to the rules of gentil. When describing a noun that starts with a vowel, the masculine form of gentil changes to gentil. For example:

L`homme est gentil. (The man is kind.)

L`enfant est gentil. (The child is kind.)

Additionally, when gentil comes before a masculine noun starting with a consonant sound, the final -l is doubled. For example:

Un gentil garçon. (A kind boy.)

In Conclusion

Understanding French adjective agreement, especially with regard to gentil, takes practice. However, with consistent effort and attention to the rules, you can become proficient in using this important aspect of French grammar. Remember to pay attention to gender and number agreement, and be aware of any exceptions. With time, you too can become a master of French adjective agreement!